Category Archives: Graham Family

Biography, Carter Terrant Graham of Madison County, Missouri

From R.S. Duncan, A History of the Baptists in Missouri, St. Louis: Scammel & Co., 1882, under “St. Francois Association:”

[p. 625:] “CARTER TERRANT GRAHAM.* – This laborious Baptist preacher was a native of either North Carolina or Tennessee, and was born September 6, 1800. He moved to Missouri, settled in Madison County as early as 1822, and married Miss Agnes Henderson of that county in October, 1827. His conversion occurred when he was 34 years old, when he united with St. Francois Church, having been baptized by Eld. H. McElmurry in Big Creek, not far from his own door, and only about one hundred yards from the family graveyard, where his body was deposited after his death. He was one of the constituent members of Big Creek Church in 1835, and was soon afterwards put forward into the ministry by the same body, became its pastor, and so remained until his death. Being raised on the frontier he had very little education, but was surpassed by few men in natural endowments. He was uncompromising in his ministry, opposed to pulpit affiliation and open communion, but was in favor of feet-washing as an ordinance. Though what was called a ‘farmer preacher,’ his ministry was quite successful in forming and building up churches in Madison County, where there were few when he commenced preaching. He was contemporary with Eld. W. W. Settle. They labored much together in this field, and under their labors the churches ‘grew and multiplied.’ Settle spent much time as an itinerant, Graham, spent most of his time with the churches, being pastor generally of four, some of which were twenty-five miles distant from home.

“He continued to preach until the last, declaring the whole truth under adverse as well as favorable circumstances. This made him to be highly esteemed by a large circle of friends.

“His last sermon, preached at his home church – Big Creek – September 15, 1861, was one of his best and strongest efforts. On the following day he was taken sick, and continued gradually sinking until the fifth of the following month, when he gave up the ghost. His sufferings were very great, but he bore them with much fortitude and patience, often exhorting his family and the many friends who were gathered around to witness the triumphant death of a Christian soldier. So passed away one of the most useful men of South Missouri. He left an affectionate wife and eight children to mourn his departure.”

* By Eld. Pinkney Graham.

Biography, Pinkney Graham of Madison County, Missouri

From R.S. Duncan, A History of the Baptists in Missouri, St. Louis: Scammel & Co., 1882, under “St. Francois Association:”

[p. 628:] “PINKNEY GRAHAM*, – one of God’s faithful servants in St. Francois Association, died at his residence in Madison County, Mo., July 3, 1877, after an illness of about eight months, which he bore with great patience and Christian resignation. His age was 64 years and 6 months.

“Brother Graham was born in Green County, Ky., January 28, 1813, His parents immigrated to Southeast Missouri when he was 13 years old, where he spent the remainder of his long and useful life, attended with great self-sacrifice for the cause of his divine Master and truth.

[p. 629:] “He professed faith in Christ and was baptized in to the fellowship of Big Creek Baptist Church in this county, when about 22 years old, of which he was the faithful, highly esteemed and beloved pastor when he was called from his labors on earth to his reward in heaven. He was a constituent member of the St. Francois Association, and from that time until his death did as much if not more than any other member of the body to advance its interests and to sustain and promote the cause for which it was organized. Bro. G. was an earnest contender for the faith once delivered to the saints. He was a faithful, plain and practical preacher of the gospel. Though deprived of early advantages, he was deeply impressed with the importance of an educated ministry. When I last visited him he spoke with great feeling upon this subject. The fact that the Baptist cause in this portion of the state is suffering so much for the want of an educated ministry, seemed to be his saddest thought.

“Although I do not think that it was ever his privilege to meet with his brethren in their state deliberations and share in their councils to extend and promote the religious and benevolent enterprises in which as a denomination we are engaged, and though the oldest minister in his association, none was more fully in sympathy with every good work in which we engage, than was our lamented Brother Graham.

“Brother G. was ordained to the Christian ministry on the second Lord’s day in October, 1857, and was constantly and successfully engaged in the pastorate from that time until his death.

“He leaves a devoted wife, five children, and many relatives and friends to mourn their loss. He was a good man, and God blessed him both spiritually and temporally, while his family do not sorrow for him as those that have no hope. He was free from the sad lot of so many of our faithful ministers in the dying hour. He sorrowed not in the sad hour of death and separation from his devoted and heart-stricken companion and children because they were helpless in this unfriendly world, without the necessaries of life. His children are all married and comfortably situated, and his aged companion comfortably located in their midst with plenty to supply all her earthly wants. May the Lord supply all her spiritual wants until he shall call her also to her heavenly home.”

* By Eld. V. T. Settle.

Elijah Graham of Madison County, Missouri

My great-great-grandfather Elijah Graham was born about 1815-1817 (sources differ) in Green County, Kentucky.   He was a son of William S. and Sarah Ann (Skaggs) Graham.   His marriage record gives his father’s name as William Graham, and the 1860 census shows him on the same census page as the William Graham who married Sarah Skaggs.

Elijah Graham married my great-great-grandmother Catharine Bess in Madison County, Missouri.   The Madison County marriage record refers to him as Elijah Graham, son of William Graham, and says that he married Catharine Bess, daughter of John Bess, on 11 Mar 1841.   Catharine (also known as Catherine, Katharine, or Katie) was born around 1820-1825 in Madison County.   She was a daughter of John and Catharine (Slinkard) Bess.

Elijah Graham appears in the 1850 census in Madison County as a farmer.   He appears in the 1860 census as a farmer in Twelve Mile Township in Madison County, where he is listed on the same page as his father.   Elijah is also listed as a farmer in the same township in the 1870 census.

The 1876 state agricultural census shows Elijah Graham as living in Madison County, Missouri in Township 31, Range 6 East.   This would be Twelve Mile Township.   Living in the same household were listed his wife, who appears as Catherine, son Emanuel, listed as “E.M.,” and Emanuel’s wife-to-be, Mary M. Victoria Golden, listed as “Mary M.V. Golden.”   No explanation is provided as to why she was living in the same household.   Her father had died by this time, but her mother was still living in Dent County.   According to the 1876 state census, Elijah Graham owned the following;

3 horses

7 cattle

12 sheep

30 hogs

55 bushels wheat

400 bushels corn

50 bushels oats

30 lbs. wool

2 tons hay

Elijah Graham died in or around 1879.   His widow Catharine (Bess) Graham appears in the 1880 census in Twelve Mile Township, Madison County, Missouri, living in the household of her son Henry.   Catharine died sometime after that census, which is dated 8 Jun 1880, was taken, and is said to be buried near Saco, Madison County.


1. John B. Graham

He was born in 1842 or 1843 in Madison County, Missouri.   He appears in the 1880 census in Twelve Mile Township as a farmer.   He married Cynthia E. Stubbs, who was born about 1845 in Missouri according to the 1870 census. Their children included William E., born about 1862-1864, James S., born about 1863-1866, Sarah Ann, born Aug 1867, and Malinda C., born 1869 (age 8 months in the census taken 19 Jul 1870).   Sarah Ann married John Dudley East.   The 1880 census shows John B. Graham’s wife as America S., surname unknown, born about 1850 in Missouri.   Presumably America was not another middle name for Cynthia, but John had remarried.   That census lists an additional child, John, born about 1878.

2. Catharine Graham

She was born in 1845 or 1846 in Madison County, Missouri.

3. William B. Graham

He was born about 1848 in Madison County, Missouri.

4. Henry B. Graham

He was born 8 May 1851 in Madison County, Missouri.   On 7 Dec 1879 Henry B. Graham married Amanda Elizabeth McBay.   She was born 22 Mar 1860 near Fredericktown, Madison County.   Her parents were born in Tennessee.   Her father was Philip McBay, who was born in Nashville, and her mother’s surname was Walker.   Amanda died of chronic gastritis 7 Mar 1923 in Twelve Mile Township.   She was buried 8 Mar 1923 in Madison County in Whitener Cemetery.

Henry B. Graham appears in the 1880 census in Twelve Mile Township with his mother living in the same household.   In the 1920 census he was living as a farmer on Saco Road in Twelve Mile Township, and his surname is listed as “Grayham.”   Henry B. Graham died of mitral insufficiency 29 Aug 1927 in Twelve Mile Township and was buried in Whitener Cemetery on the 30th.   His death certificate refers to his occupation as that of a farmer.

Henry B. and Amanda (McBay) Graham were the parents of Virgle, born about 1893, Christie, born about 1898, and Bessie, born about 1901.

5. Emanuel M. Graham

He was my great-grandfather.   See the separate posting on Emanuel M. Graham and family.

Carter T. Graham: Baptist Pioneer of Southeast Missouri

Rev. Carter Terrant Graham was my third great grand uncle. He was a son of my great-great-great-great grandfather Elijah Graham, born 1761 Caswell Co., NC, died 14 Nov 1841 Marion, Izark Co., AR, and his wife Sarah Elizabeth (Lee) Graham, born 1760/1773 NC, died 25 Sep 1845 Springdale, Washington Co., AR. Carter T. Graham was a brother of my great-great-great grandfather William S. Graham who married Sarah Ann Skaggs.

Carter Terrant Graham was born in KY according to various Internet genealogists, but in NC or TN according to the book Historical Sketches of the Baptists of Southeast Missouri by H.F. Tong (St. Louis: National Baptist Publishing Company, 1888). The death certificate for his daughter Sarah Ann (Graham) Farquhar, however, states that Carter Graham was born in Green Co., KY. In addition, the censuses of 1850 and 1860 refer to KY as his birthplace.

He was born 6 Sep 1800. The 1860 census claims that he was born about 1802, but according to the 1850 census he was born about 1800. Carter Graham died 5 Oct 1861 in MO and is buried in Farquhar-Graham Cemetery in Madison Co., MO.

On 11 Oct 1827 in Madison Co., MO he married Agnes (or Agnys) B. Henderson. (The date has been given as 11 Oct 1829, but Madison Co., MO marriage records state 11 Oct 1827.)

Agnes was born 19 Mar 1809 in TN and died 29 May 1890 in Madison Co., MO. (Actually, she is said to have been born 19 Mar 1809, but according to the 1860 census she was born about 1816.) She is buried in Farquhar-Graham Cemetery in Madison Co.

Carter Graham first came to Madison Co., MO in 1822, according to Robert Sidney Douglass, History of Southeast Missouri (1912). Another source claims, however, that this was in October of 1827.

At any rate, Carter Graham became a born again believer about 1834 in Madison Co., MO., when he apparently was age 34. He was then baptized in Big Creek by Elder Henry McElmurry of the St. Francois Association of United Baptists. Soon afterward, Carter Graham became known as “Elder Carter Graham.”

The following year, in 1835, Elder Graham organized a Baptist church at his home at Big Creek, about 18 miles south of Fredericktown. This is likely to have been around the Buckhorn community, as that is where the early Madison County Grahams were known to have been living.

Henry McElmurry became the first pastor of the Big Creek church. Later, Carter T. Graham became Big Creek’s second pastor.

H.F. Tong, in his 1888 book Historical Sketches of the Baptists of Southeast Missouri, refers to Carter T. Graham as “a frontier man.” As a pioneer Madison Co., MO Baptist minister, Carter T. Graham’s name appears frequently in county records.

He was a member of the Black River Association. As a Baptist pastor, he usually had charge of four churches.

Elder Carter T. Graham was still living in Madison Co., MO in September 1851, when he participated as a minister in the first annual meeting of the St. Francois Association of United Baptists. This meeting was held at the Little Vine Church.

Carter Graham is listed in the 1850 census as a farmer living in Madison Co., MO. His birthplace is listed as KY.

In the 1860 census, Carter Graham appears in German Twp., Madison Co., MO, at age 58. His birthplace is again listed as Kentucky. He is listed with his wife “Agnys” and their children. Carter’s occupation is listed as “Farmer & Bap. [Baptist] Preacher.”

Carter Graham preached at Big Creek for the last time on Sunday, 15 Sep 1861. The next day he became ill. He died not long afterward, on 5 Oct 1861.

About 19 years later, the 1880 census was taken in Madison Co., MO. Carter T. Graham’s widow Agnes Graham was then living with her son Samuel in German Township. Samuel was a farmer, and the only other person living in the household was 18-year-old Martha Moody, listed as an adopted daugher.

In 1921, H.A. Hovis of Madison Co., MO wrote a reminiscent virtual “tour” of some of the county’s farms. In the process, he referred to a number of Madison County’s earlier farmers. Among his comments was the following:

We now come to the Carter Graham farm. This is perhaps, one of the best known families in the county. Rev. Carter Graham was a preacher of more than ordinary ability, widely known and highly respected. He died about 60 years ago. His wife lived to a ripe old age. His son, Samuel, lived on the farm all of his life and died about thirty years ago. His son, Napolean died in early manhood having just completed his education. His daughter, Jane, died perhaps 30 years ago. His daughter, Sarah Ann, when about 35 years of age became the wife of Mr. David Farquhar. Of this union were born two sons and one daughter. Napolean and Samuel are highly respected gentlemen, the latter having served as Representative from Madison county in the last general assembly of Missouri. The daughter is the honored wife of Judge Charles Barrett. Mrs. Farquhar is the only living member of her father’s family.


(1) George Washington Graham

George W. Graham was born 1828 or 1829 in MO. He married Samaria Ivy, who is also referred to as Samora or Smerah.

Samaria is said to have been born 10 Feb 1830, but her death certificate says 2 Feb 1830. According to census records, she and her parents were both born in AL.

The family of George and Samaria Graham appears in the 1860 census in German Twp., Madison Co., MO, where George was a farmer. George died 23 Dec 1874 in Madison Co. He is said to be buried in Farquhar-Graham Cemetery near Buckhorn, but that comes from the same source that claims that his wife is also buried there. Her death certificate contradicts this information.

In the 1880 census in the same township, Samaria appears with children but without her husband, who had died by that time. She died 1 Jun 1915 in Cedar Creek Twp., Wayne Co., MO. She is said to be buried in Farquhar-Graham Cemetery near Buckhorn, Madison Co., MO, but her death certificate says that she is buried in Zion Cemetery.

The children of George and Samaria Graham included Sarah A., Eliza A., Mary J., Edward H., Elizabeth C., Nancy N.C.S.R., and James S. Graham.

(2) Eliza Graham

She was born about 1831 in MO.

(3) Samuel Graham

He was born in 1833 or 1834 in MO.

(4) Edward Graham

He was born about 1838 in MO.

(5) John B. Graham

He was born about 1838 in MO. He married Susan G., born about 1850 in KY.

The family appears in the 1880 census in German Twp., Madison Co., MO, where John was a farmer. Susan had previously been married to John Jones. She and John Jones had a son named Joseph P. Jones, born 9 Oct 1858 in Madison Co. Joseph P. Jones was living with his mother and with John B. Graham and family after his mother had remarried.

Joseph P. Jones died 7 Feb 1928 in Perry Twp., St. Francois Co., MO. According to his death certificate, “The Jury Verdic [sic] Was From Exposure & Heart Trouble (Found in woods near Thos. Setttles farm.)” He was buried 14 Feb 1928 in Bonne Terre Cemetery, Bonne Terre, St. Francois Co., MO.

After Susan remarried to John B. Graham, they became the parents of the following children: Joseph L., Carter T., Mary E., and Washington Graham.

(6) Sarah Ann Graham

She was born 1 Feb 1840 near Big Creek at Buckhorn, Madison Co., MO. She died of chronic bronchitis on 24 Aug 1927 in Big Creek Twp., Madison Co. and was buried in Graham Cemetery in Madison Co. on the following day.

She married David Farquhar, who was a farmer. He was born in Northern Ireland on 16 Aug 1841, and was a son of David and Judith Farquhar, who were both born in Scotland. The younger David died of acute dysentery on 23 Jul 1911 in Big Creek Twp., Madison Co., MO, and was buried in Graham Cemetery on 24 Jul 1911.

(7) Robert B. Graham

He was born about 1844 in MO.

(8) Lively C. Graham

She was born about 1847 in MO.

Black River Baptist Association, Missouri

Some of my Graham kin in the Madison/Wayne/Bollinger Counties area of Missouri were leaders in the Black River Association of the Baptist denomination in the 19th century. The following is a mention of the association from Robert Sidney Douglass, History of Southeast Missouri, Vol. 1 (1912) pp. 476-477:

In 1850 representatives of 12 churches, formerly members of the Black River Association, met at Castor church in Madison county and organized the St. Francois Association. The churches were situated in Wayne and Madison counties and perhaps one or two in Bollinger county. The first meeting of the association after its organization was held at Little Vine church in Madison county in 1851. At this meeting Zion church in Wayne county and Salem church in Bollinger county were admitted to membership. The ministers of the association were C. T. Graham, W. W. Settle, J. Duncan, J. P. Wallis, A. Hughes, R. S. Eaton and S. M. Randoff. Other ministers who later worked in this association were L. D. Bennett, A. G. Tidwell, A. R. L. Meador, A. Land, L. Langley, S. Farr, W. H. Mattox, M. W. Taylor and E. J. Bunyard.

The association grew steadily up to the breaking out of the war when there were 29 churches, in 1863 there were only 10 churches reported at the meeting in Big Creek church in Madison county, with only 326 members in the association. In 1874 there were 37 churches in the association with 1,400 members. In 1876, 10 churches were dismissed to form the Wayne County Association. At the meeting in 1878 there were representatives present from 24 churches chiefly in Madison and Bollinger counties with a membership of 1,200. At this time the ministers of the association were J. C. Hornsby, William London, H. F. Tong, L. W. Revelle, A. Tidwell, F. M. Holbrook, M. Robins, V. T. Settle, B. L. Bowman, J. F. Rudy, and J. C. Hembree.

The oldest church in the association was Big Creek church organized in May, 1835, about 18 miles south of Fredericktown. The first church house was built in 1854; the first pastor of the church was Henry McElmurry; he was succeeded by C. T. Graham, who served as pastor for 22 years.

Castor church was organized in 1845 by Elders Graham, Settle and Eaton. Little Vine church was organized in 1846 with 21 members. Marble Hill church was organized in 1848.

The first church of Fredericktown seems to have been organized in 1870 by Elder W. W. Settle and Silas Livermore; there were 31 members at the time of the reorganization in 1872.

Among the prominent ministers of this association were the following: Carter T. Graham, who was a native of North Carolina and who came to Madison county in 1822, was a well educated man and while he preached for a great many years, supported himself principally by farming. He died in September, 1861; Anderson Hughes was a native of Tennessee but settled in Wayne county while very young; he preached for a number of years and died in 1863.

One of the most influential of the men of this association was W. W. Settle, who came to Missouri from Tennessee in 1833. He first lived in Bollinger county and later in Madison county; he became a preacher in 1839 and up to the time of his death in 1870, was a very active, energetic worker as a minister.

One of the early preachers of this association was Pinkney Graham, who was a native of Kentucky and came to Southeast Missouri in 1826 and was for many years an influential minister.

Twenty-four churches reported to the association in 1910. They had a combined membership of 2,009. They were: Big Creek, 82; Brush Creek, 87; Castor, 22; Ebenezer, 71; Fredericktown, 444; Friendship, 107; Granite View, 19; Glen Allen, 102; Little Whitewater, 136; Marble Hill, 156; Marquand, 113; Miller’s Chapel, 41; Moore’s Chapel, 46; Mt. Carmel, 43; Mt. Pisgah, 116; Mt. Pleasant, 47; New Salem, 73; Shetley’s Creek, 93; Trace Creek, 93; Twelve Mile, 116; Union Light, 119.