Jesse Toliver Testimony, 1834, Ashe County, NC

Declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress of the 7th of June 1832.

State of North Carolina
Ashe County

On this 1st day of March 1834 personally appeared before us the undersigned[,] two of the acting Justices of the peace for said county and state aforesaid[,] aged seventy eight years as he believes[,] has no record of his age, who first being duly sworn according to law, doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832[.] That he was born in the state of Virginia Fauquir County. That when young his father removed to James River about 30 miles above Richmond in Virginia[,] lived there about 3 years & removed to Wilkes County North Carolina four or five years before the Revolution was in this part of the Country, and that he entered the service of his country when about 18 or 19 years of age as a volunteer & as a Ranger under the following named officers. William Lenoir was Captain & Barnett Owing[s?] was Lieut. That he with the company was ranging the count[r?]y on [Reedys? or Rudys?] River & New River two months against the Cherokee Indians [our?] station when ranging was at the head of [Reedys? or Rudys?] River & at old fields on New River & then were marched to the Cherokee nation on Tennessee River. We were [(single letter or mark?)] marched by the Catawba River and on S[wannans?] & then by Pidgeon Rivers and by [Luchasega? Suchasega?] and into the Indian Towns on Tennessee[.] We Burnt & distroyed the Indian towns & huts that we found. Stayed in that part of the country three months[,] had no fighting as the Indians fled when we came in the nation. Captain Cleveland and his Company was there. Martin Armstrong was Colonel & Genl. Rutherford was Commander in Chief. The troops was then marched back & discharged. The second term of my service[,] again a volunteer under Captain Lenoir & Colonel H[er?]ndon we were marched from Wilkes County through Iredell up hunting creek & through the [duth?] settlement[.] Battle was fought when we were in about ten or fifteen miles of the place and when we arrived saw the dead lying on the field[.] The torys was defeated and we were marched home after being out in the service two months. The third term of my service[,] again a volunteer under Captain William Lenoir against the torys that was commanded by one [sale?] Coffee or one Roberts as he understood[.] We were marched from Wilkes County, to the Catawba we pursued the tories as they retreated until they Joined the British army near Kings mountain under [Gen?] Ferguson. The time that I served in this trip was one month and a half. We were then marched back home. The fourth term of my service[,] again a volunteer under Captain Lenoir & Colonel Campbell, for the purpose of Joining the Army at Kings mountain[.] We marched from Wilkes Coun[ty] up the Yadkin River to Johns River by m[argants?] by the Cow pens and that place[.] All that had Horses went on & left the foot men & got to the Battle that was fought at Kings mountain. The Battle was fought before the foot men arrived[.] As I was one of them[,] we met part of the Army with the prissioners & I was put as one of the guard over them & went with the prissioners to Salem and to the old town[,] stayed there until my three months was out and then returned home. The fifth term of my service[,] again a volunteer under Captain Lenoir against the British that was plundering and doing other other [sic] depredations near Salisbury in Rowan County and Stokes County[.] When we got there[,] found that our force was not able to come to battle[.] We retreated and came home & stayed about two weeks collecting some reinforcement and then we were marched by Guilford Court House, to the high Rock ford on Haw River in Orange County. There we [goined? (meaning joined?)] General G[reens?] Army[.] We lay there some time and while there Colonel Micajah Lewis was the colonel of the Regament that I belonged to. He the said Colonel went with some others, to spy out the force of Cornwallis Army and got shot. I well remember to have seen him after he died. I saw General G[reen?] and I believe that General S[umpter?] was there[.] I was in service during the two last above mentioned times five months. And then we marched home. I was with Captain Lenoir some other small trips in collecting horses & cattle for to hire substitutes in place of drafted men that Lay out and would not fight for their Country and some short trips in pursuing small parties of torys. I neaver obtained any discharges as my Captain went and came home with me. I have no documentary evidence of my services, and the survivors that is now living that was with me is living at a considerable distance from me[.] Captain, now Genl. Lenoir is still living in Wilkes County, and some others is there as I understand[,] but I have been for some years unable & still is so that I cannot travel to see them[.] Soon after the war was over I removed to New River now Ashe County, North Carolina and have lived here ever since[.] He hereby relinquishes any claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state[.] Sworn to before us this day & year above written[.]

[signed] Jesse his mark Toliver [Note: no mark indicated]


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