From The Islander, Friday Harbor, San Juan County, Washington, Thursday, February 28, 1895, p. 4:
Some People in Eastern Tennessee.
It is not generally known that in the mountains of eastern Tennessee there lives a class of peculiar looking people whose origin is wrapped in mystery and who are called by the whites Melungeons. They resent this appellation and proudly declare that they are Portuguese.
The legend of their history, which they carefully preserve, is this: A great many years ago these mountains were settled by a society of Portuguese adventurers, men and women, who came from the shore of Virginia that they might be freed from the restraints and drawbacks imposed upon them by any form of government.
They made themselves friendly with the Indians, and, freed as they were from every kind of social government, they uprooted all conventional forms of society and lived in a kind of delightful Utopia of their own creation, despising all forms of religion and subsisting upon corn – the only product of the soil – and the game of the great forests. They intermixed with the Indians and subsequently with the negroes, and thus formed the present race of Melungeons.
They are tall, straight, well formed people, of a dark copper color, but with Circassian features. They were privileged voters in the old slave days and accredited citizens. They are brave, but quarrelsome, and are hospitable to strangers. They have no preachers among them and are almost any knowledge of a supreme being – New York Recorder.